Access roads are corridors utilized for access to and egress from facilities or sites. They are normally of a consistent width, commencing at an existing access corridor and terminating at another access or site. Although an actual road grade is usually constructed within the boundaries of the access road, the corridor may be used for winter access, temporary access or off road vehicle access and may not be developed at all.
When dispositions or leasehold parcels are created within the limits of an existing titled parcel or in crown land, rights of access to and egress from the leasehold parcel are required by the holder of the disposition. The boundaries of this access corridor must be ascertained such that a right of access over these lands can be granted to the user by the landowner (private or public).
The surveying of the access road allows the preparation of a plan of survey which depicts the limits, position and area of the access within the titled parcel, quarter section or spatial reference. This “picture” of the survey then becomes the basis of the agreement between the owner of the lands being crossed and the access user. It is in the interest of both parties to have a spatially correct and accurate representation of the access road. This means the “picture” prepared by the Land Surveyor must coincide with the physical position of the access within the parcel of land it is situated. To do this, the Land Surveyor must determine, through field measurements, the relationship of the access road to both the leasehold parcel being accessed and the boundaries of the lands in which it is situated.